Herbert Spencer Research Papers Herbert Spencer research papers examine the British philosopher and scientist, who is best remembered for applying the principles of Charles Darwin to society. Herbert Spencer research papers examine the philosopher and his philosophy. The papers can focus on his ideas concerning natural law or any of his works of philosophy. Have a custom written project on Spencer ordered today and receive it in your email on the date you specify in the order form. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was a British philosopher and scientist, who is best remembered for applying the principles of Charles Darwin to society, coining the term Ã¢Â€ÂœSocial Darwinism.Ã¢Â€Â It was Spencer who coined the term Ã¢Â€Âœsurvival of the fittest.Ã¢Â€Â During his lifetime, he was one of the most famous intellectual authorities in the world. Herbert Spencerâ€™s Early Years Spencer was born in Derby, and educated in empirical sciences by his father. As an adult, he traveled in literary circles that included John Stuart Mill, George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans), and T.H. Huxley. SpencerÃ¢Â€Â™s second book, Principles of Psychology, published in 1855, was instrumental in seeking a biological basis for the human mind. SpencerÃ¢Â€Â™s philosophy combined elements of deism and positivism, and found ready adherents at a time when religion was waning in England. He attempted to find a synthetic unification of all science. He developed two objectives to his Synthetic Philosophy. The first was that everything could be explained through natural law. The second posited that natural laws led to progress. As part of his ideas about progress, Spencer adopted the ideas of Charles Darwin and incorporated natural selection into his own ideas. Social Darwinism held that nothing should interfere with natural laws in society, including the struggle for existence. Social Darwinism proved popular among the leading Industrialists of the later 19th century.