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What are the ethical and/or moral implications of the At Will Employment Doctrine? Do you feel that an employer should have the ethical and moral obligation to provide warning, fair procedures or objective evaluation to employees being considered for termination?

Discussion Post no citations needed No APA format needed           An employer may terminate its employees at will, for any or no reason … the employer may act peremptorily, arbitrarily, or inconsistently, without providing specific protections such as prior warning, fair procedures, objective evaluation, or preferential reassignment … The mere existence of an employment relationship affords no expectation, protectable by law, that employment will continue, or will end only on certain conditions, unless the parties have actually adopted such terms. What are the ethical and/or moral implications of the At Will Employment Doctrine? Do you feel that an employer should have the ethical and moral obligation to provide warning, fair procedures or objective evaluation to employees being considered for termination?  

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3). Read the Seligman (2000) article, “24-7 Accounting.” Based on the content presented in the article, in conjunction with this week’s lecture and other readings, discuss the U.S. Securities and Exachange Commission (SEC) fair disclosure regulation and how an organization complies with this regulation utilizing their accounting information system. Provide at least two practical examples from your research. 4). Identify the steps in the sales, procurement, and order entry processes. Discuss how management can implement effective internal controls for these processes and how it complies with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

1). Referencing this week’s readings and lecture, identify unique problems and risks associated with accounting information systems. In addition, discuss two practical examples of specific problems and how risk could have been mitigated from these problems. LECTURE: What is risk?  According to Fadun (2013), “risk is commonly associated with uncertainty, as the event may or may not occur and is an essential part of business because firms cannot operate without taking risks” (p. 225).  According to Laudicina (2005), risk is an inevitable component of doing business both domestically and globally. The most successful companies understand that growth requires risk because passive operations fail to capitalize on a company’s growth potential. Key to positive risk is “distinguishing between smart risks from dangerous gambles” (Laudicina, 2005, para. 2).  The first step in understanding risk is being able to identify risk in the correct context.  Risk identification is a tricky and complex process that requires an abstract look at the unquantifiable risks that could cause permanent damage to a company (Schwartz & Gibb, 1999).  Once identified, the next step in the risk process is to mitigate that risk. The process of mitigating risks and ethical decision-making is synonymous, as the procedures followed emulate one another. This process begins with a complete understanding of the facts (Baron, 2006).  As the company understands the full environment and the options available to solve the issues, management must enumerate the reasons for the decision made (Baron, 2006).  A critical approach to ethical decision-making and risk mitigation provides the decision maker with more than the relevant facts about the immediate issue (Baron, 2006). The basis for a historical review of past issues and decisions provides support for the immediate issue, as in most cases history tends to repeat itself. Although not meant to be a rubber stamp for future decisions, the consideration of past issues and situations helps provide the decision maker with valuable facts that were not previously considered. Week 3 focuses on understanding how risk plays a role in contingency planning for potential disasters with one’s accounting information system.  According to Arhail ALShbiel and Bani Ahmad (2013), the changing world of technology has had a direct effect on the way financial information is reported and on the accounting information system that delivers that financial information.  One of the critical issues in regards to this changing technology is the potential “obstacles of communication between the internal control department and the computer department and its impact on the efficiency accounting information system” (Arhail ALShbiel & Bani Ahmad, 2013, p. 297).  Arhail ALShbiel and Bani Ahmad (2013) found that four primary issues can increase the risk level of communication problems between those responsible for internal controls of an organization and those responsible the computer department of an organization.  At stake is the efficiency of the organization’s accounting information system.  As we learned in week 2, an effective accounting information system provides reliable data with effective accounting information that is in compliance with governmental regulations. Please click on the link below to access a PDF version of the textbook PowerPoint Presentation for the weekly readings. Chapter 6 PowerPoint Presentation (PDF)    2). View the IT Networks video and referencing this week’s lecture, discuss the potential threats to the security of an organization’s network. What are some of the strengths and limitations of a wired versus wireless system? SAME LECTURE ABOVE APPLY’S TO THIS QUESTION ALSO.   3). Read the Seligman (2000) article, “24-7 Accounting.” Based on the content presented in the article, in conjunction with this week’s lecture and other readings, discuss the U.S. Securities and Exachange Commission (SEC) fair disclosure regulation and how an organization complies with this regulation utilizing their accounting information system.  Provide at least two practical examples from your research.   4). Identify the steps in the sales, procurement, and order entry processes. Discuss how management can implement effective internal controls for these processes and how it complies with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

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Referencing this week’s readings and lecture, discuss the purpose and components of an effective internal control process. How do the components of the internal control process assist management with compliance of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002? 4). Compare and contrast the differences between preventive, detective, and corrective internal controls in a modern business organization. Provide a practical example of each type of control.

1). Referencing this week’s readings and lecture, describe the six steps in the systems approach and apply the systems approach to improving the quality of an accounting information system (AIS). AND (CHAPTER 1 READING) LECTURE: Welcome to ACC 622- Accounting Information Systems.  We begin our journey with an overview of how technology and accounting correlate with one another.  Accounting Information Systems (AIS) are more than just technologies used to report financial information.  According to Bodnar and Hopwood (2013), “an accounting information system is a collection of resources, such as people and equipment, designed to transform financial and other data into information” (p.1).  Each week you will be provided with a written weekly lecture aimed at supplementing one or more concepts from the readings.  In addition to this lecture, a link to the textbook’s PowerPoint presentation will be made available to highlight the key concepts covered in the weekly readings. The resources used in a comprehensive AIS work in correlation as a system that is focused on specific goals (Romney & Steinbart, 2015).  Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) is concerned with how management assesses an organization’s internal controls to ensure the accuracy of reported financial data.  According to Romney and Steinbart (2015), these resources utilize five basic business transaction styles: “(a) revenue cycle, (b) expenditure cycle, (c) production or conversion cycle, (d) human resources/payroll cycle and (e) financing cycle” (p. 6-7).  These cycles are inter-related with the AIS because normal business transactions work together as a process for the purpose of selling goods and services.  Kay and Ovlia (2014) call this relationship an “enterprise system” (p. 4).  An enterprise system is people working together within an organization to achieve specific goals.  Information is created through transactions (input).  This information is processed so that data becomes useful and that data is finally put into a useable format (Kay & Ovlia, 2014). The inter-relationship of these processes has become known as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP).  ERP coordinates each of the five business transaction cycles into a single effort for achieving a goal.  This can be as simple as creating a paycheck in the human resources/payroll process to as complex as the supply chain process of creating a product.  Accounting Information Systems ties all of these components together into a workable system. During week 1, we will explore the basics of AIS and how AIS works in a systems approach to achieve goals.  You will explore how technology works in conjunction with created data to provide accurate reporting of this data and how this data works within an organization’s system of internal controls.  The week 1 written assignment focuses on the top ten technology initiatives as listed by the Information Technology Center web site for the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (infotech.aicpa.org).  You will analyze each of the technology initiatives and how they apply to practical examples in business.  You will incorporate scholarly research to the effectiveness of each of these technologies. Please click on the link below to access a PDF version of the textbook Powerpoint Presentation for the weekly readings. ACC622 Chapter 1 Powerpoint    2). An organization is a regional distributor of widgets. Widgets purchased for the organization originate from small suppliers, and payment is made only with cash. To simplify operations, orders are only taken from customers via its website, and delivery of widgets to customers are handled by a third-party shipping company. All sales are done on account on a net 30 basis and the simplicity of the operation allows the business to be operated by a husband and wife team and no other employees. The wife handles the website programming and all customer service activities (such as customer questions and complaints requiring replacement widgets), and  the husband handles all other aspects of the operation (i.e., accounting functions and collections of accounts receivables). From the information provided:

  • Identify the major business processes used by the organization.
  • What are the most important business processes for the organization’s strategic goals and objectives?
  • Would the business processes change if the organization added a new product and became bigger?

3). (CHAPTER 2 AND 4 READING). Referencing this week’s readings and lecture, discuss the purpose and components of an effective internal control process.  How do the components of the internal control process assist management with compliance of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002?   4). Compare and contrast the differences between preventive, detective, and corrective internal controls in a modern business organization.  Provide a practical example of each type of control.  

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In a 1-2 page paper, analyze at least two obstacles hospital administration may face as they implement changes to improve the quality of health care. Describe the obstacles, the reasons for them, and how these obstacles might be overcome. Also be sure to specifically describe the changes implemented to improve the quality of health care.

In a 1-2 page paper, analyze at least two obstacles hospital administration may face as they implement changes to improve the quality of health care. Describe the obstacles, the reasons for them, and how these obstacles might be overcome. Also be sure to specifically describe the changes implemented to improve the quality of health care. Include at least two research sources in your paper and cite them in a References page at the end in APA format. As in all writing assignments, follow standard mechanics in writing, grammar, punctuation, and spelling.

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AICPA Technology Initiatives [CLOs: 1, 3] You are the accountant for a mid-sized manufacturing company. Your boss has asked you to explain some of the most important technologies affecting accounting.

AICPA Technology Initiatives [CLOs: 1, 3] You are the accountant for a mid-sized manufacturing company. Your boss has asked you to explain some of the most important technologies affecting accounting. Visit the Information Technology Center website for the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (infotech.aicpa.org) and find the current list of top ten technology initiatives (found under the site’s Resources tab, but you may have to search for them). In a three- to five-page paper (not including the title and reference pages), write an analysis of each of the ten technology initiatives and, using scholarly research, provide a practical example of each initiative. The paper must:

  • demonstrate graduate level work including appropriate research and critical thinking skills;
  • be presented as a written analysis (not a question/answer format);
  • be written in a coherent manner with proper use of grammar, spelling and punctuation;
  • be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center;
  • include citations and references for the text and at least two scholarly sources from the Ashford University Library.

 

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For this course, students are required to research and write a "Foreign Policy Paper” that consists of at least 1,500 words of good, solid academic substance (not counting the Title Page or the Works Cited/References section).

Foreign Policy Paper Instructions: 1500 words For this course, students are required to research and write a “Foreign Policy Paper” that consists of at least 1,500 words of good, solid academic substance (not counting the Title Page or the Works Cited/References section). TOPIC: “The Treaty of Rome” The paper should focus on a formal agreement or treaty that has been entered into between two or more nations (either through the United Nations, World Trade Organization or another international organization). A specific area of international law may also be suitable. Students should not limit themselves to an official U.S. foreign policy, but can research and write about an official foreign policy of any nation. You do, however, need to limit your selection to just one foreign policy issue. Students are encouraged to discuss their issue with the instructor in advance. In selecting and researching your topic, the following websites should prove helpful: Almanac of Policy Issues Council on Foreign Relations Foreign Policy U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Foreign Policy Journal Foreign Policy Research Institute In your paper, students must provide a comprehensive, objective overview of the foreign policy issue or treaty. An important part of the paper is providing an analysis of the policy’s impact on geopolitics and international relations. For instance, how has the policy affected diplomatic relations among certain nations? How has the policy impacted aspects of U.S. foreign policy? While the paper should be written in your own words, it should NOT include personal opinions or anecdotal information. Since a detailed set of instructions are provided, the instructor does NOT review “rough drafts” of student work. Submit your paper only when you are ready for the instructor to review and grade your completed work. Your paper must contain at least FIVE (5) different sources of information – in addition to the course textbook. The instructor does not consider Wikipedia to be an acceptable academic resource. The paper must be written and submitted in APA and all work must be properly cited (which includes all necessary “in-text/paper” citations and a comprehensive Works Cited/References section at the end).

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Explain the legal issues addressed by your selected topic/clause and how your contract clause can be applied within a business managerial setting. Summarize the potential legal defenses available to contract formation. Evaluate the potential remedies for breach of contract that might be available if someone breached the contract clause you created.

Draft a contract clause, containing a minimum of 175 words, regarding one of the following topics:

  • Intellectual Property Clause regarding company ownership of employee created works
  • Intellectual Property Clause regarding a third party’s use of at least two types of your business’ intellectual property

Discuss the following in a minimum of 875 words:

  • Explain the legal issues addressed by your selected topic/clause and how your contract clause can be applied within a business managerial setting.
  • Summarize the potential legal defenses available to contract formation.
  • Evaluate the potential remedies for breach of contract that might be available if someone breached the contract clause you created.

Cite a minimum of 3 peer-reviewed references. Peer-reviewed references do not include websites, newspapers, or popular magazines. Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines. Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment as a Microsoft® Word document.

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Discuss your findings. Here are a few, but not all, the questions you should consider. Is Ascension Health growing? What line items reflected the largest-percentage increases and/or decreases? What is the financial impact these changes have on the company's financial viability currently and in the future? Prepare a vertical analysis, listed all items of data and performed necessary calculations correctly. Prepare a horizontal analysis, listed all items of data and performed necessary calculations correctly.

Use the balance sheet and statement of income you downloaded for Ascension Health during Week 3. In a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet, prepare a vertical analysis of the company for the years 2013 and 2014 and a horizontal analysis from 2013 (base year) to 2014 (subsequent year).

Discuss your findings. Here are a few, but not all, the questions you should consider.

  • Is Ascension Health growing?
  • What line items reflected the largest-percentage increases and/or decreases?
  • What is the financial impact these changes have on the company’s financial viability currently and in the future?

Prepare a vertical analysis, listed all items of data and performed necessary calculations correctly.   Prepare a horizontal analysis, listed all items of data and performed necessary calculations correctly.   Draw valid conclusions about viability.     The following link is the balance sheet and statement of income you downloaded for Ascension Health during Week 3   http://www.ascensionhealth.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article &id=45&Itemid=160.   Needs to be a 2-3 page report with citations and APA references

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Watch the "Criminal Profiling Research Project" video Prepare 2 page journal article for a professional journal for law enforcement personnel explaining how some of the concepts and skills of criminal profiling can be trained in criminalists by transfer of learning. Addressing the following bullet in the article; please I also need an introduction please make it sufficient. NO PLAGIARIZM · Explain teaching for transfer

Watch the “Criminal Profiling Research Project” video   Prepare 2 page journal article for a professional journal for law enforcement personnel explaining how some of the concepts and skills of criminal profiling can be trained in criminalists by transfer of learning. Addressing the following bullet in the article; please I also need an introduction please make it sufficient. NO PLAGIARIZM  

  • Explain teaching for transfer
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Class – Did you see anything in William Ury's talk that made a difference in how you will be listening to others? What did you take away from his talk?

I need help answering these questions.    

  • 1- I am trying out a new Ted Talk on listening. I haven’t used it before in my online classes. I want to get your opinion on whether you think it is worthwhile for me to add to the class.

https://youtu.be/saXfavo1OQo Class – Did you see anything in William Ury’s talk that made a difference in how you will be listening to others? What did you take away from his talk?  

  • 2- The conflict management styles are: 1) avoidance, 2) accommodation, 3) competition, 4) compromise, & 5) collaboration.

  Avoidance is when you sidestep the issue, or withdraw. It is considered a lose-lose approach. Accommodation is giving in to the other person. It usually involves a person needing to be liked by the other. It is considered a lose-win approach. Competition is wanting to win regardless of what the consequences are. It is considered a win-lose approach. Compromise is seeking the middle ground. Both people give up something to get something. It is considered a win-lose/win-lose approach. Collaboration is getting a win for everyone. It is a win-win approach.   Class – what styles do you find you use in interpersonal conflicts? Do you use different types depending on who you are arguing with (husband, boss, friend, family member, stranger, etc.)? Please explain.   3- Please reword this paragraph in your own words. Do not use the same words as in this paragraph.  

  • My results seemed to result similar to what I have previously related to myself on how I handle conflicts. When conflicts result in interpersonal relationships in my life I tend to empathize and try to understand where the other individual is coming from. Sometimes you could be missing an important piece of information to this conflict that can chance your stand point. I scored the highest in compromising which is something I always try to do what conflict arises. I also scored fairly high in collaboration and compromising which indicated that I do not attempt to win an argument but to find out the best possible solution for everyone involved including myself.
  • 4- John Gottman has done many years (30+) of research on how couples interact. He is able to predict with over a 90% accuracy rate if a couple will split up. He and his research partner developed a research lab to study couples. Here is a link to a description of his research.

http://www.youtube.com/user/TheGottmanInstitute#p/a/u/2/LLXX8wzvT7c Class -  look it over and tell me what you think. Has anyone heard of John Gottman before?  

  • 5- Microexpressions are fleeting expressions that reveal how a person really feels about a subject or question. Most people have little control over their microexpressions. What would a person lying say about their character? I found this clip on youtube. Dr. David Matsumoto talks about microexpressions. Take a look and tell me what you think. Can you make character judgments about the people being discussed? http://youtu.be/bu3ayOWHX0w

An interesting show to watch which can help you be aware of the more subtle nonverbals is Lie to Me. The show has been canceled, but old seasons are available through Netflix streaming video if you have that. Lie to Me is based on the work of Dr. Paul Ekman. You can find out more about Ekman on his site at: http://www.paulekman.com/ Class – microexpressions are fascinating to me. What do you think? After watching the clip, pay attention to people around you and see if you can see microexpressions. What was that like?  

  • 6- Turk (2007) defines conflict a bit differently than the text. He lists three types of conflict: task, process, and relational. Task conflict relates directly to the task at hand. People can have different visions about what constitutes the task. Process conflict centers around the method to reach the goal. Do you want to take things one step at a time in an organized manner or do you want to jump in with both feet? Relationship conflict is the interpersonal conflict between team members.

  Turk (2007) goes in to list eight different causes for conflict. These are conflicting needs, conflicting styles, conflicting perceptions, conflicting goals, conflicting pressures, conflicting roles, different personal values, unpredictable policies. These seem self-explanatory, but you can read more about them in the article. The solution suggested by Turk is compromise.   Turk (2007) finishes up with ways to avoid conflict in the workplace. They are: a) think before you speak, b) listen to the employee’s feelings without arguing, c) cover yourself with documentation, d) keep clear limits and boundaries in place, e) avoid overreaction, f) learn to change what you can and accept when you can’t, & g) take control and manage situations.   Class – We talked about managing relationships in the workplace last week. How do you think Turk’s ideas fit into that discussion?  

  • 7- Gottman’s research has been on couples. He has looked at all kinds of relationships and their nonverbal behaviors. Many people think anger is a major problem in marriages and work on teaching people how to manage their anger. Gottman has come up with four nonverbal signs that a marriage is in trouble. He calls them the four horsemen of the apocalypse. They are criticism, contempt, defensiveness, and stonewalling.

  Here is a clip of Gottman describing the four horseman. It is part of a larger speech so starts at criticism without much explanation. He goes on in this clip to talk about what works in relationships. This information comes from many years of researching master and disaster relationships. Master relationships are couples that are happy in their relationships while disaster relationships are the opposite. The second clip is a continuation of the speech.  What I find interesting is he also talks about the difference between a negative perspective or a positive perspective in the friendship with your significant other. http://youtu.be/-gFldZtVIqQ http://youtu.be/sJ7RHLBdqGM   Class – Has anyone heard of the four horsemen? How do you think they work? Looking at your own relationship what do you see in terms of John Gottman’s research? Are you seeing the four horsemen or a sound relationship house?  

  • 8- We get most of our emotional cues from nonverbal behavior. When we talk about nonverbal codes in my face-to-face class I a demonstration that I love to do. It has to do with proximity. According to the text, there are four zones of personal space: a) intimate, b) personal. c) social, & d) public. Intimate space ranges from none to about a foot and a half. Personal space is a foot and a half to about four feet. Social space is four feet to twelve feet. Public space is twelve feet and further. We only want to have really intimate friends in our intimate space. Personal space is reserved for good friends and family members. Social space is for everyone else in conversations. Public space is more for public speaking situations. These zones are more related to Americans than other countries. In Arab cultures, men stand close enough to smell each other’s breathe. In my in class demonstration, I have students pair up into three pairs – both men, both women, and one man and one woman. I have them start out in the public zone and have a one-minute conversation. Then I have them move to the social zone and talk. I repeat this in the personal zone and finally the intimate zone. In the intimate zone I have the pair stand with their toes touching. I ask the class to watch the changes in nonverbal behavior in the different zones. It is pretty cool. As the pairs get closer and closer, they get more twitchy. Sometimes they are twisting their bodies sideways to avoid face-to-face interactions. I usually cut the conversation short in the intimate space since it is uncomfortable to even just watch. Try it out sometimes. It is rather cool.

  Here is a fun clip to watch about a “in my bubble experiment” done by some students at a college. http://youtu.be/cDszcrniY4M Class – how would you feel if someone did what the students in the clip did – invade your personal or even intimate zone? In what situations do we tolerate people in our space? Does your culture have a different amount of personal space than the typical American?                        

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