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The Civil Rights Act of 1871

HRM/531 HRM 531 HRM531 Week 1 Individual Assignment – Multiple-Choice Quiz – A Guaranteed! • 1 The Civil Rights Act of 1871 o provides that a seniority system that intentionally discriminates against the members of a protected group can be challenged within 180 days o requires that men and women working for the same establishment be paid the same rate of pay for work that is substantially equal in skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions o prohibits the denial, termination, or suspension of government contracts if an employer is following an affirmative action plan accepted by the federal government for the same facility within the past 12 months o grants all citizens the right to sue in federal court if they feel they have been deprived of any rights guaranteed by the Constitution and other laws Correct • 2 _____ refers to an employment relationship between an employer and an employee, under which either party can terminate the relationship without notice for any reason not prohibited by law. o Fiduciary duty of loyalty o Due process o Employment at will o An implied promise Correct • 3 The right of employees to strike in support of their bargaining demands is protected by o the Landrum-Griffin Act o collective bargaining agreements o the Taft-Hartley Act o state law Correct • 4 The role of government in the U.S. industrial relations system is: o active in dispute resolution o legalistic in administrative procedures and active in dispute o legalistic in the courts only o legalistic in administrative procedures and the courts, but passive in dispute resolution Correct • 5 While mediation assists the parties to reach their own settlement, _____ hears the positions of both and decides on binding settlement terms. o intercession o fact-finding o wildcat resolution o arbitration Correct • 6 Mediation is most successful when o the mediator acts as a judge in the negotiations o the mediator’s advice has the force of a government writ o mediators are assigned by the courts to intervene o disputants see mediators as fair Correct • 7 In U.S. industrial relations, union organization is o opposed by large employers but supported by small employers o opposed by small employers but supported by large employers o opposed by both large and small employers o supported by both large and small employers Correct • 8 A worker being fired for actions ranging from filing a workers’ compensation claim to reporting safety violations to government agencies is called o unfair dismissal o just cause o red-hot-stove discipline o retaliatory discharge Correct • 9 In a unionized firm, the _____ clause of the collective bargaining agreement typically retains for management the authority to impose reasonable rules for workplace conduct and to discipline employees for just cause. o management rights o employee relations o implied promises o organizational support Correct • 10 Title VII is most relevant to the employment context because it _____ on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in all aspects of employment. o prevents layoffs o encourages advancement o eliminates nepotism o prohibits discrimination Correct • 11 According to _____, an employee may not be fired because he or she refuses to commit an illegal act, such as perjury or price fixing. o social learning theory o retaliatory discharge o public policy exception o lifestyle discriminate Correct • 12 A(n) _____ is a neutral facilitator between employees and managers who assists in resolving workplace disputes. o grievance committee o peer-review panel o complaint team o ombudsperson Correct • 13 One distinctive feature of the U.S. system compared with other countries is o centralized collective bargaining o collective agreements are of fixed duration that embody a sharp distinction between negotiation of and interpretation of an agreement o low union dues and small union staffs o selective representation Correct • 14 A bona fide occupational qualification allows o exemption from the Fourteenth Amendment o discrimination to be permissible when a qualification is considered reasonably necessary to the operation of the business or enterprise o seniority systems o random drug testing Correct • 15 The concept of _____ requires an employer not only to produce persuasive evidence of an employee’s liability or negligence, but also to provide the employee a fair hearing and to impose a penalty appropriate to the proven offense. o positive discipline o just cause o progressive discipline o the hot-stove rule